During its life cycle, cannabis passes through four main stages. These stages are germination, seedling, growth and flowering. Anyone who wants to cultivate cannabis needs to recognise these stages. Each stage brings its own challenges and problems. See exactly how a marijuana plant grows in these high-quality time-lapse videos. Watch plants sprout, get topped, fill up a ScrOG screen, flower and more! Enjoy watching some of Dutch Passion’s most popular autoflower seeds and photoperiod feminised seeds grown to harvest (2-minute time-lapse videos).
The Life cycle of Cannabis: From seed to harvest
Cannabis passes through a series of stages in its life. The most important of these are the germination, seedling, growth and flowering stages. Each stage brings its own challenges. Novice growers need to be aware of these, to be sure of giving their plants the attention and care that they deserve.
Plants are living beings. They are at the base of the evolutionary tree, they heal our bodies and souls, they delight our senses. I think all our readers know by now which is our favourite plant: Cannabis sativa L. – a fantastic crop and medicinal plant, and one of the oldest plant genera in the world.
No matter why cannabis is being cultivated, to see with your own eyes how a small seed grows into a bulky plant, which then starts flowering, is a moving experience every time.
Cannabis is an annual plant, so its entire lifecycle takes place within a single year, with most varieties reaching the end of their life after between four and ten months. In general terms, the following four stages of life can be distinguished:
- Germination stage
- Seedling stage
- Growth or vegetation stage
- Flowering stage
A quick glance is usually enough to determine the current stage. Over time, it is not just the appearance of the plant that changes, its needs also change. Different stages require different quantities of light, water and nutrients. Furthermore, if you want to determine the sex of the plant or prune it, it is useful to know which stage the plant has currently reached.
1 – Germination stage (1 to 2 weeks)
All forms of life start from a seed of some kind. High-quality seed is the single most important factor for successful cultivation. Cannabis seeds should be hard, dry and brownish in colour. There are a number of different ways of getting the seeds to germinate. The easiest is the paper towel method.
In the germination process, the germ in the seed breaks through its shell and forms a root, which is known as the taproot. Germination takes anything from 24 hours to 7 days. Generally cannabis varieties with a high proportion of Indica germinate faster than pure Sativas.
The germinated seed can now be placed carefully into the growing medium. The plant will start to grow and force its way upwards.
While the first two cotyledons (seed leaves) are being formed, the plant shrugs off the protective seed husk. That signifies the end of the germination stage.
Top 5 Ways Cannabis Can Affect the Menstrual Cycle
2 – Seedling stage (2 to 4 weeks)
Particular care is necessary at this stage in the lifecycle. Seedlings are susceptible to illnesses and mould. Many novices get carried away with watering and give the seedlings too much fertiliser. Even if you plan to grow outdoors, it may be useful to give the plants a healthy start indoors, assuming that a location is available with adequate light (e.g. a windowsill). The plants need as much light as possible at this stage.
How long the seedling stage lasts depends on the variety and on the environmental conditions. The main focus of the plant is on developing a root system. This forms the foundation for its later growth.
Meanwhile the plant will grow its first “real” leaves with the characteristic marijuana shape.
The leaflets are long and jagged. Initially a leaf has just one leaflet, although a mature cannabis plant will have five to seven leaflets per leaf.
Once the plant produces the full count of leaflets for each new leaf, the seedling stage is over.
3 – Growth stage or vegetation stage (2 to 8 weeks)
Now the plant starts its main growing phase. Provided it receives enough light, it can grow up to two inches (5 cm) in a single day. It is obvious that the plant needs to be repotted if it is still growing in a small pot.
Leafy plants like a healthy soil that is rich in nutrients. The production of chlorophyll and proteins depends on a supply of nitrogen. It is worth investing in the right kinds of fertiliser or even producing them yourself.
As it grows, the plant also needs more water. Young plants are best watered close to their stem, but later on water should be distributed more widely so that the tips of the roots can absorb water more efficiently.
Have you ever heard of topping, super-cropping or lollipopping? Using these techniques you can train cannabis or manipulate the shape of the plant. Growers use them to develop stronger plants with more buds. Opinions vary, however, on whether these techniques actually deliver results. They are only necessary for special cultivation methods such as the Screen of Green (SCROG).
How long the growth phase lasts is not a simple question to answer. Autoflowering cannabis varieties move automatically on to the flowering stage within 2 or 3 weeks. Regular or feminised varieties only start flowering once the days become shorter (outdoor cultivation) or the grower reduces the lighting period to 12 hours (indoor cultivation).
Cannabis Time-Lapse Photography Videos
Today I would like to feature the following incredible marijuana growing time-lapse photography and videos, many of which were produced by fuzzygrow. View all of her time-lapse videos here: http://vimeo.com/user15676933/videos
A huge thanks to fuzzygrow for contributing these uniquely valuable time-lapse videos to the marijuana growing community!
New Life – The birth of a marijuana plant from seed
This time-lapse video spans 5 days, a frame was taken every 6 minutes. 24fps .
Watch two seeds sprout and grow their first two sets of leaves. The plant on the left is Super Lemon Haze and the one on the right is strain Tijuana.
Marijuana seeds first sprout two smooth “baby” leaves known as cotyledon leaves. These leaves were already formed in the shell. When the seed is put in warm wet conditions, the seeds “wake up” and the seed splits open. The white tip that first emerges becomes a root and grows downward.
The cotyledon leaves unfurl and start gaining height above the soil. You can see the first “true” (wrinkled) set of marijuana leaves nestled in between the cotyledons at first, and as time goes on these spread out to catch as much light as possible.
You may notice the young seedlings making slow circular movements. As far as we know, all plants do this while they grow and this movement is known as nutation, circumnutation, or nutational movement .
While we don’t fully understand the mechanism behind this movement, some scientists speculate that it was developed as a way for the plant to “explore” and find the best direction to grow, since even though plants are rooted, the difference of even a couple of inches can make a huge difference in the survival of the plants.
Recovery of Topped Marijuana Plant & Formation of 2 New Colas
This time-lapse video spans 7 days
In this video, a young marijuana plant is topped and you can watch as the two growth tips from the top node (quick picture cheat sheet explaining nodes & growth tips) turn into the two new main colas.
After the plant is topped, notice that not just the top two, but all the growth tips on the plant begin growing out (the plant is becoming more bushy). This is due to a hormonal response that happens in the plant when the main cola is damaged.
Watch as the two new main colas at the top get wider and taller, while their connection to the base of the trunk is strengthened and thickened to support their growth.
Young plant burned by Pyrethrum while lights are on & recovery
This time-lapse video spans 2 weeks, a frame was taken every 6 minutes. 30 fps.
This one is a little bit hard to watch as this Purple Haze seedling is hit by a strong insecticide (Doktor Doom) around 0:31 to combat spider mites.
The insecticide is sprayed while the lights are on, and unfortunately this combination of insecticide + light burns the young plant. You can see the plant struggles to recover for nearly the rest of the video.
I sprayed Dr. Doom on this young plant to try to combat spider mites. Plant is under a 42w CFL. The main apex was also burned which stopped growing but eventually a new one formed off center. New leaves sprouted just above the cotyledons as well.
Don’t spray pyrethrum-based products with any grow lights still on!
Pyrethrum is an ingredient in certain insecticides. In this case it came from Dr. Doom. Pyrethrum is very photoreactive so because it was sprayed with the lights on it created a bad situation on the plant as you can see. It almost appears to burn it. The growth was very gnarly for awhile afterwards!
You can see the extreme stress the Pyrethrum combined with grow lights has put on the young plant.
Although this plant recovers, you can see how badly the burns stunted its growth, and you’ll notice that the regrowth that follows is a bit odd as the plant “ditches” the burnt parts and then gets back into the swing of things.
Growing with ScrOG Time-Lapse
Watch as these young plants are trained to fill up a ScrOG net. ScrOG stands for “Screen Of Green” and refers to using a “screen” (usually made of string) to force plants to grow into a flat canopy.
Seedling & Vegetative Stage
The above time-lapse video spans 40 days of growth. A frame was taken every 6 minutes. 50fps .
Once the screen has been “filled out” with vegetative growth, the grower will switch to the flowering stage. The ScrOG technique is used to get better yields out of your indoor grow lights, which are most effective when plants are kept as close to the lights as possible. The ScrOG technique makes it so that when buds start forming, the lights shine directly on the buds and fatten them.
You just saw these plants fill up the ScrOG net in the last video. Now watch as the colas from these scrogged plants fatten up throughout the flowering stage until harvest time.
Why do marijuana plants seem to “breathe” in time-lapse photography? Why do the leaves begin to droop down and then suddenly spring back up?
All plants do that. It partly has to do with their Circadian rhythms. Plants must put energy into keeping cell walls rigid to hold up the leaves. Kinda like using their “muscles”. With plants like cannabis, the leaves tend to “rest” at night and “perk up” when they “think” the sun is going to come out.
The plants also wilt when they’re thirsty and perk up after being watered.
Here’s a timelapse showing a plant putting its leaves up and down in response to the light
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Bonus Marijuana Time Lapse Videos
These have been circulating around the internet for a while, but if you haven’t seen them before, you don’t want to miss these bonus marijuana time-lapse videos.
Growing Marijuana Time Lapse – 80 days in 45 seconds
Sweet And Sour Headband Marijuana Time Lapse Grow – seed to harvest
Seedling to Harvest – Marijuana plant grown naturally without any plant training
Cannabis flowering time lapse videos
Interested to see what your next strain will really look like when it’s grown? This collection of Dutch Passion time lapse cannabis grow videos allows you to see each strain grown from seed to harvest. This allows you to observe growth rates at various points during cultivation and see precisely how tall, bushy and heavy these strains become. Sit back, relax, and enjoy watching some of Dutch Passion’s most popular autoflower seeds and photoperiod feminised seeds grown to harvest!
Auto Cinderella Jack time lapse video
With independent laboratory measured THC levels of over 25%, Auto Cinderella Jack is quite possibly the world’s strongest autoflower. A perfect choice for any grower wanting a guaranteed killer harvest of insanely potent buds.
For pure potency, you won’t find many more powerful autoflower strains! Just like the rest of the Dutch Passion autoflower seed collection, she is easy to grow under a wide range of grow conditions and grow techniques. This hybrid strain is equally at home indoors or outdoors. Indoors she takes around 75 days to grow from seed to harvest.
Auto Blackberry Kush time lapse video
If you like heavy harvests with some beautiful blue and deep purple hues to your buds then Auto Blackberry Kush is just what you’re looking for! With very high THC levels around (and perhaps above) 20% this is also a supremely potent strain that can satisfy even the most experienced smoker.
Auto Blackberry Kush may be one of the most visually stunning autoflower seeds you have ever grown. She could also be the quickest!, sometimes ready to harvest in as little as 9 weeks after planting the seeds. Pay attention to humidity towards the end of bloom, these heavy dense blooms benefit from lower humidity levels and good air circulation.
Auto Orange Bud time lapse video
Auto Orange Bud is part of the exclusive Dutch Passion Extremely High THC seed collection. This is reserved only for those exceptional strains which can approach 25% THC in good grow conditions. On top of that you get to enjoy the world famous original tangy Orange Bud taste of Mandarin and Orange.
The high powered anti-anxiety high combines with a mouth watering zesty flavour of freshly picked citrus fruit. Home grown cannabis simply doesn’t get much better than this! Auto Orange Bud is just as easy to grow as the rest of the Dutch Passion autoflower strains. Expect a straightforward, easy grow and a harvest around 10-11 weeks after seed germination.
Auto Lemon Kix time lapse video
Another member of the elite Extremely High THC seed collection, Auto Lemon Kix is one of the most potent autoflower strains currently available. The mind-numbingly powerful THC levels suit the more experienced cannabis user aiming for maximum potency.
One of the best features of Auto Lemon Kix is the unique, sweet multi-layered candied fruit flavours. It really is an unusually rich and delicious taste. Combined with the sky-high THC levels, the deliciously sweet taste completes the perfect all-round package. She’s easy to grow with heavy yields. What are you waiting for?
Auto Glueberry OG time lapse video
Auto Glueberry OG is part of the USA Special cannabis seed collection. She combines very high THC levels with exceptionally heavy harvests. She can take a week or so longer than other auto strains (typically 12 weeks from autoflower seed to harvest) but the wait will reward you with real XXL yields.
Auto Glueberry OG seeds suit the grower with the space to accommodate her tendency to grow tall and wide. She responds well to LST and training if you need to control her growth. In the right hands this strain is superior to most high-performance photoperiod strains in terms of yield and potency
Auto Banana Blaze time lapse video
If you like sweet, tropical fruity banana flavoured buds with heavy yields then Auto Banana Blaze is a perfect selection for your grow room. This auto strain suits the grower needing a plant with numerous chunky blooms, fast growth and no complicated grow room maintenance. Auto Banana Blaze reaches around a metre tall and is ready to harvest in about 11 weeks.
Auto Banana Blaze is a good auto to grow in the natural way, no special grow techniques are necessary to get the best out of this lady!
Auto Colorado Cookies time lapse video
Auto Colorado Cookies uses connoisseur quality parent genetics from Auto Blueberry and Girl Scout Cookies. This strain shows remarkable consistency, with all the plants generally showing similar XL growth structure and the same consistently very high THC levels. If you want predictable excellence from your grow room then Auto Colorado Cookies is a great way to achieve it.
It isn’t recommended to top/FIM this auto since you will lose out on the colossal main bloom. When harvesting, we recommend waiting for a few more amber trichomes than usual. This allows the buds to really deliver their very best high!
Auto Brooklyn Sunrise time lapse video
Auto Brooklyn Sunrise is a hybrid USA auto strain which takes around 11 weeks to grow from autoflower seed to harvest. The genetics come from a New York elite AK clone combined with Diesel. It’s a powerfully fuel flavoured strain with a fast acting and hugely pleasurable high.
The main advice when growing Auto Brooklyn Sunrise seeds is to go gently with the nutrients. This strain is happier with feeds on the light side. All in all, this is a real champion auto that delivers an enviable all round performance, combining speed, potency and yield with a complex but truly delightful diesel-taste.
Passion Fruit time lapse video
For any strain to carry the ‘Passion’ name you know it has to be exceptional! Passion Fruit is just that, a top-shelf photoperiod feminised strain made by hybridising original Orange Bud with Sweet Pink Grapefruit. The taste is citrus with pure Passion Fruit. THC levels are very high and bloom time is around 8 weeks.
In terms of grow latitude, Passion Fruit can handle cooler temperatures well. Cool night temperatures can produce some beautiful autumnal blue/purple hues in the buds and leaves. Not only does this increase bag appeal, this can also increase resin levels making her even more potent and sticky!
Auto Night Queen time lapse video
Auto Night Queen is a compact indica autoflower strain which takes around 10 weeks to grow from seed to harvest indoors. The short, stocky growth profile suits the indoor grower with limited headroom. The highly potent buds suit the experienced smoker who can handle very high THC levels and heavy indica effects!
These tough Afghani Kush genetics can take a beating. This makes her easy to grow in a range of indoor conditions. She also does well outdoors. The buds are particularly hard, dense and resinous. One small nugget goes a long way!
Auto Blueberry time lapse video
Auto Blueberry is a real connoisseurs delight. The sweet fruity blueberry taste is complemented by a smooth, powerful and long lasting high. What’s more, she is perhaps the fastest autoflower seed in the Dutch Passion collection. Some phenotypes are ready to harvest just 8-9 weeks after autoflower seed germination. Cannabis cultivation doesn’t get much faster than that!
With a short life cycle, in order to get the most from Auto Blueberry a fast growth system such as a Hydroponics method can deliver good results. Coco fibre may also help deliver large plants. Enjoy the great taste and the blissfully enjoyable high from this repeat customer favourite!
Auto Mazar time lapse video
Auto Mazar is a classic indica autoflower strain with cannabis cup winning Afghani Kush genetics. She delivers a powerful effect, a strong high with a powerful body stone which medical users adore. The taste is rich, deep and hash scented. Yields can be exceptionally high.
The best taste comes from organic growing, but the use of hydroponics allows the experienced grower to push these classic cannabis genetics right to their limit. Auto Mazar seeds are equally at home indoors as well as outdoors.
Auto StarRyder time lapse video
Auto StarRyder is another fast autoflower strain. She can be ready to harvest around 9 weeks after autoflower seed germination. She delivers heavy, rapid harvests of THC rich cannabis indoors but is also very highly rated by outdoor growers. This is a tough, robust but fine quality autoflower.
Auto StarRyder grows in an Xmas tree structure with plenty of side branches. These should yield heavily in good grow conditions. The plants often tend to remain on the compact side, making her a convenient indoor and outdoor strain.
Forest Dream time lapse video
Forest Dream is an outdoor variety developed in The Netherlands for growers with climates similar to the Northern European average. She is often ready to harvest in early October and uses robust, proven sativa genetics.
Forest Dream is easy to grow outdoors with good weather resistance. She usually reaches around 2m tall outdoors but can reach 3-4m in good conditions. A reliable and consistent choice for any guerrilla grower!
Watch more cannabis-related videos
These time lapse grow videos show you the type of result you can expect from Dutch Passion cannabis seeds. Great care is taken with the development of our prize-winning cannabis genetics, therefore we aim to give growers the best information about the type of grow they can expect.
Time-lapse videos are a great way to show you how the plants grow. Serious growers may also be interested in checking out the full Dutch Passion archive of grow reviews. You can find them here…
What was your favourite time lapse video? Please let us know your suggestions for new cannabis time lapse videos in the comments below. And don’t forget to check out our online cannabis seedshop. You can buy the best autoflower and feminised cannabis seeds there as well as keep track of our latest promotions.