If you're looking to start growing your own marijuana, the first place to start is with the seed. What should you look for? How can you tell a good cannabis seed from a dud? Chris Bond tells us. Choosing the right marijuana seeds can make or break your crop. Learn how to recognize quality seeds and from where to buy them! Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. But in order to be successful, you need to know the difference between seeds & which is right for you. Learn more now!
10 Markers of a Quality Marijuana Seed
If you’re looking to start growing your own marijuana, the first place to start is with the seed. What should you look for? How can you tell a good cannabis seed from a dud? Chris Bond tells us.
So, you’ve decided to grow your own marijuana from seed. How do you know if those little, round nuggets in your hand will grow up lush and produce beautiful, productive buds? How do you know if they are duds? While ultimately the genetics will determine the destiny of those little weed seeds, and proper care will help them to realize their full potential, there are some markers you can assess to see if what you have is quality seed, indeed.
What to Look for in a Cannabis Seed
While all cannabis seed is not identical in color, there are some consistencies. Healthy, viable seed will be light to dark brown in color. Seed that is light green or even whitish in color is underdeveloped and should be tossed out. Healthy seed will also have a burled or turtle shell-like pattern on its seed coat.
A quality cannabis seed will have a waxy, protective coating. Seeds that appear dull are probably not as viable and should be avoided if given a choice.
Quality cannabis seed will look like a plump teardrop. Flat or misshapen seeds will not likely produce quality plants.
Quality seed will be firm. Cannabis seed should have a strong seed coat protecting the pre-emerged life inside. Any seed that is tender, pliable or squishy should not be planted; poor results will follow if attempted.
Size is relative, but if you are able to compare several seeds at once, the higher quality seeds are larger. When it comes to seeds, less is more. The fewer seeds that comprise any given amount, an ounce or a gram for example, is generally an indicator of higher quality seeds. The biggest seeds within a species generally have more energy stored within them and have a greater potential to mature into a productive plant. Note that indica strains tend to produce larger seeds than sativa strains so make sure the comparison is made among like seeds.
Weight often goes hand-in-hand with size, but heavier seeds are generally of higher quality than lighter ones. The older a seed gets, the more potential loss of moisture and nutrients, reducing its overall weight. Damaged seed, which has been cracked can potentially lose those same necessary qualities.
#7 Float test
Quality seeds will sink in water. In glass or vessel, place room temperature water deep enough to full cover the volume of seeds to be tested. Place your seed or seeds in the water. After a couple of hours, anything still floating, should not be considered a quality seed. Soaking seeds will allow moisture to cross over the protective membrane and signal the seed that it is time to grow. As such this test should not be performed if the intent is to store the seeds after testing as it may render otherwise quality seed unviable if not meant to be immediately germinated afterwards.
You may not have access to see or have verified information on the storage conditions of seeds, but if you can find this out, it is critical to maintaining quality seeds. While cannabis seeds can be viable for over 10 years in some instances, the best seed in terms of productivity is not more than 12 to 18 months old. It should have been stored in dark, cool and dry conditions to prevent mold or the onset of any fungal issues. Storing in a freezer can prolong seeds as well, essentially suspending time.
#9 Age at harvest
This is another aspect you, the buyer may not be privy to. Quality seed is harvest when fully mature. If seed was collected before the plant was able to load as much stored energy into it as possible, then that seed will be starting out life in a deficit. Color, as referenced above can be an indicator of whether or not a seed was harvested at the appropriate time.
You get what you pay for and a cannabis seed is not exempt from this maxim. Quality seeds are not cheap (at least when compared to other agricultural seeds). This isn’t to say that inferior seeds can’t be overpriced, but if you find cannabis seeds proclaiming excellent genetics for sale at a price that seems too good to be true, caveat emptor.
This is not meant to be a definitive list, as new varieties of cannabis emerge on the scene all the time that may have “normal” traits that would otherwise be viewed as deficiencies in other strains. As always, do your homework, ask other growers who know and buy your seeds from a reputable source.
Recognize quality marijuana seeds
Marijuana is best known for its effects on people when they smoke it. So, where does this high effect come from?
How do you ensure that the quality of your marijuana is as good as it could be? It all starts by choosing the right seeds. The right seeds are mature cannabis seeds.
Understand how to recognize quality marijuana seeds before you can grow the best marijuana. High-quality cannabis starts with good genetics.
Begin your grow with healthy, mature cannabis seeds from a reputable seed bank.
When you have a particularly good strain or good season of marijuana growth, you will most likely want to store seeds for that particular type of cannabis, its “parent plant,” so you can experience the same sort of success later on.
In this article, we will cover the basics of selecting the right seeds.
About quality marijuana seeds
How to grow the best weed
To grow the best weed, you need to know what determines the best seeds, why genetics make certain weed plants better than others, and how to choose the best seeds.
THC, a term that usually refers to Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, is the ingredient in marijuana that is the primary contributor to the high feeling smokers experience.
This is a bit misleading for two reasons.
First, some types of THC are not Delta-9, such as Delta-8. Second, THC is not the only chemical that is responsible for a high.
Other compounds contribute to the feeling – these chemicals are called cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids include every different variation of THC, and they make up the psychoactive ingredients that lead to the feeling of being high.
The tricky thing about marijuana is that no one can really define the right combination to achieve the best or greatest high.
Even scientists are unable to figure out what combination of cannabinoids makes the most potent combination.
This is partly because the feeling of “high” experienced from marijuana cannot be measured externally – it can only be described by the person experiencing it.
This makes any evidence about correlations between different combinations of chemicals and types or strength of highs very subjective.
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The experience is also different for each person, even if they take the same amount of the same plant as someone else.
Any mix of emotions (usually euphoria, elation, paranoia, sleepiness, or clarity of thought) can be felt by different people, even if they consume the same amount and type of weed.
The best weed comes from the best genes
While there is still a large amount of variation from seed to seed, even within the same strain, a lot depends on the environment in which it is grown and the care you have when raising your plants.
Growing your own weed is an extremely gratifying experience. It will take a bit of trial and error, and you will have to overcome some inevitable failures, but it will be even more rewarding when you finally succeed.
Download our free marijuana Grow Bible and grow with confidence.
- Grow with my Quick Start Guide
- Discover secrets to Big Yields
- Avoid common grow mistakes
The source always matters
You can source your seeds from:
- A bag of weed
- A seasoned grower
- A seedbank
The first step for most new growers is to extract seeds from large commercially purchased bags of cannabis.
This is likely the easiest way to get seeds but take caution— that cannabis has already been heavily processed and packaged.
Huge quantities of bud are dried and cured together en masse and then snipped and stuffed into big vacuum-sealed bags.
Unless you are already directly familiar with the mature plants your seeds or clones came from, growing marijuana is unavoidably unpredictable.
This is why it is especially important to seed or clone your best quality plant since that will make you able to guarantee the quality of the next crop.
Knowledge of the source is also why experienced growers have better outcomes with their harvest.
They often choose their best cannabis plants out of a single strain, and use those seeds for the following season’s harvest. Now, they have a better understanding of the plant their seeds came from and can also improve their care of the same type of plant.
Aren’t seeds a bad thing?
All cannabis cultivation comes down to your goals as a grower. Want a bountiful harvest? You’ll want to grow the best weed by breeding perfection using seeds. Skip ahead to learn why.
“Nope, I want to smoke,” then you need to grow plants that produce fewer seeds. You need feminized seeds.
“Sinsemilla” is a Spanish word that translates to “without seed.”
It describes female cannabis plants that grow into maturity without fertilization from male pollen. Growing sinsemilla marijuana outside is almost impossible since your female plants could be pollinated from the male plants up to a mile away!
So why do you want to avoid pollinating your female marijuana plants? Pollination means that the plants will use their precious energy to create seeds instead of flowers.
This is due to natural selection. Since a plant that produces more seeds is more likely to reproduce, a female marijuana plant will prioritize making seeds if fertilized.
Although this is an advantageous feature for marijuana’s survival, it is not exactly what smokers look for in a weed plant.
Sinsemilla marijuana, having never been pollinated, usually produces a more resinous bud since there are no seeds to take over the valuable flowering area.
Producing seeds isn’t all bad for the smoker, however. If one crop is particularly delicious or potent, it is vital to let those plants produce some seeds.
Store these seeds correctly and label them accurately to make informed decisions about which seeds produced the best crop and which ones are better to avoid.
You can then use seeds that produce tall plants or strong, sweet buds for a future growing season.
When you find a plant that you want to preserve seeds for, make sure to treat those seeds with extra special care, as they are your best bet for harvesting the best product.
Why you should grow weed from seeds
Some people are intimidated by growing marijuana from seeds. At first, the results may not be as big as you had planned for – this is normal, and you will continue to get better with time and experience.
To reach the highest possible yield of cannabis, you must study and practice, especially if you haven’t done anything so much as growing potted house plants or flowers on your window sill.
Just keep at it, and within a few growing seasons, you will be an expert.
Although research and preparation make a big difference, they can only go so far without actual hands-on experience.
As you learn and develop your skills, trying clones may be tempting rather than learning by trial and error with seeds. Careful, though.
Different strains and plants will grow, mature, and flower at different rates. Growing one Sativa might be completely different than growing a different strain of Sativa.
Plus, you never know what you may end up growing. When growing from clones from another grower, your clone might inherit any issues they had while growing it.
Buying marijuana seeds from a seed bank
Buying seeds from a seed bank gives you a better idea of what to expect in terms of the quality, yields, look, and time it will take to bloom.
Plus, you’re starting fresh with new seeds, which lowers the risk of diseases or pests in your plants. Learn more about why growing from seeds produces the best weed.
When you grow from seeds you have certainty. Whenever you see your stash of weed in the freezer, you will feel proud.
Whenever you smoke your marijuana, you can feel safe and satisfied because you know exactly what you are putting into your body and where it came from.
Where to find the best quality seeds
Quality marijuana seeds mean quality genes. Better genes better your chances of growing a healthy harvest.
Online seed banks offer a wide selection of quality marijuana seeds, and reputable seed banks make it easier to purchase good seeds.
Your seeds should come from seedbanks because the ones that sneak into dried marijuana flowers are rarely usable – mostly because they never reach full maturity before being harvested.
The 3 Types of Cannabis Seeds You Need to Know
Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. As owners are responsible for its growth, watering and monitoring plants can be relaxing. Once a successful yield is produced, recreational use of cannabis has many health benefits. ( make sure that you choose the right Boo Glass bong to go with it! *wink*)
If you plan to grow your own plants, proper research is required. Before determining your seed’s growth environment and medium, choosing it’s seed comes first. For growers, there are three different cannabis seed types available: Regular, Feminimized, and Auto-flower. But what are they, and is one more advantageous than the other? Below we’ll briefly discuss each one, so you’ll know which seeds are best for you.
Production of regular seeds occurs between a male and a female. As a result, you won’t know your plant’s gender until flowering begins. If your objective is to yield quality buds that offer cannabinoids, you’ll need to seperate the males from the females.
Segregation of genders prevents pollination (impressively spreading from 3 to 3.75 miles) and the production of seeds. Male plants are typically discarded due to being incapable of producing flowers that produce cannabinoids. Due to a lack of cannabinoids, the end product generally isn’t not worth-while to consumers.
Male plants, however, do possess other various benefits. For one, male plants produce a soft material that is useful for the production of hemp. Hemp products such as clothing, shoes, and general household products require soft and durable fiber which males provide. Male plants can also produce aromatic oils, highly beneficial in the garden for pest control.
- 100% pure as they’re not genetically altered
- Produce both genders, allowing for the creation of new seeds
- No chemical agents in regular seeds unlike feminized seeds
- Seeds can be used for other purposes such as hemp production
How to Determine Your Cannabis’s Plants Sex
Identifying a plant’s gender generally comes at around the 4-6 week mark into the growth cycle. As the plant transitions into a flower from its vegetative stage, energy is primarily used for pollination and reproduction.
When looking for sex indicators, cultivators can check between the plant’s nodes. Plant nodes are located on the stem, where the buds are. Check nodes to find the growth of small sacs or two bracts. Pollen sacs are developed on a male plant, spreading seeds and stigma for females.
Bracts are a female plant’s reproductive parts, appearing as green tear-shaped leaves.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds
As mentioned prior, for growers looking for highly concentrated forms of cannabis, female plants are ideal. Unfertilized females, instead of reproducing, will utilize their energy to produce rich cannabinoids known as Sensimilla. These resinous buds are highly concentrated forms of cannabis, typically seen in stores. Online stores today generally cater to cannabis users nationwide, such as cannabis seeds at Zamnesia .
For practical purposes that simplify things for the grower, feminized seeds are also superior. As growing and removing male plants is a non-issue, growers won’t need to grow twice as many. Not only does this save time and costs, but you’ll also be able to maximize your growing space. However, if you intend to grow new seeds, feminized seeds prevent the production of male plants.
- Female Plants produce Sensimilla, responsible for consumer-friendly weed products.
- Make the most of your growing space by germinating seeds required.
- Saves time and work on removing male plants
- No sexing is necessary, which can be challenging for first-timers
For first-timers peering through the curtain into growing cannabis, auto-flower seeds is a good choice. Once plants reach a particular stage ( usually ten weeks in ), they will begin to flower. An auto-flower seed’s growth requires only a minimal amount of sunlight to finish its life cycle. For growers, this saves time and simplifies the process. Instead of allocating several hours of daylight and darkness to their plant, they can relax and let the plant develop independently.
This seed type is a mix of modern-day strains with Cannabis Ruderalis, a species from Russia. Cannabis Ruderalis is among two other subtypes of cannabis, with the others being Indica and Sativa. As this cannabis plant is located in areas with shorter summers, ruderalis plants bloom faster with less sunlight.
This seed type is recommended to new growers, due to lower-maintenance needs and a faster growth time. Autoflowering is also renowned for its resiliency, boasting sturdy and robust genetics. So while growing in your backyard, they’ll be able to handle insect infestations and mold.
- Requires minimal daylight, easing plant scheduling for owners
- Grows at a faster pace
- A durable plant that can fend itself against typical issues seen in gardens
This gives you the basics in knowing about the 3 different types of cannabis seeds that you might choose from.